Tuesday, February 16, 2021

Japanese Days of the Week 日本の曜日

Interesting Translations: 興味深い翻訳:

Japanese Grammar 日本語の文法
Interesting 面白い
Translations 翻訳

Days of the Week 曜日

Monday 月曜
Tuesday 火曜日
Wednesday 水曜日
Thursday 木曜日
Friday 金曜日
Saturday 土曜日
Sunday 日曜日

Week 週間
Month 月
Year 年
Decade 10年
Century 世紀
Holiday 休日
Work Day 就業日
Time 時間
Minute 分
Hour 時間

morning 朝
noon 正午
afternoon 午後
evening イブニング
night 夜

Here is how to say each day of the week in Japanese:
Sunday: Nichiyôbi (にちようび - 日曜日)
Monday: Getsuyôbi (げつようび -  月曜日)
Tuesday: Kayôbi (かようび - 火曜日)
Wednesday: Suiyôbi (すいようび - 水曜日)
Thursday: Mokuyôbi (もくようび - 木曜日)
Friday: Kinyôbi (きんようび - 金曜日)
Saturday: Doyôbi (どようび - 土曜日)
4:00 (four o'clock) in Japanese is: 4時 (よじ - yoji).

For counting months as a length, such as:

一ヶ月   i-kka-GEtsu = 1 month
二ヶ月   ni-ka-getsu = 2 months
三ヶ月   san-ka-getsu = 3 months
四ヶ月   yon-ka-getsu = 4 months
五ヶ月   go-ka-getsu = 5 months
六ヶ月   ro-kka-getsu = 6 months
七ヶ月   nana-ka-getsu = 7 months
八ヶ月   ha-kka-getsu = 8 months
九ヶ月   kyuu-ka-getsu = 9 months
十ヶ月   ju-kka-getsu = 10 months

After 十ヶ月 (10 months),
10 (十 juu) + 1 months (一ヶ月 i-kka-getsu)  = 11 months
= 十一ヶ月  juu-ikka-getsu

10 + 2 months = 12 months
=十二ヶ月 juu-ni-ka-getsu
etc ....

先月 sen-GEtsu = last month 
今月 kon-GEtsu = this month
来月 rai-GEtsu = next month

一月 ichi-GAtsu = January (lit. First month)
二月 ni-GAtsu = February  (lit. Second month)
三月 san-GAtsu = March
四月 shi-GAtsu = April  *Be careful, it’s not "YON-gatsu" but "SHI-gatsu."
五月 go-GAtsu = May
六月 roku-GAtsu = June
七月 shichi-GAtsu = July  *Be careful, it’s not "NANA-gatsu" but "SCHICHI gatsu."
八月 hachi-GAtsu = August
九月 KU-gatsu = September  *Be careful, it’s not "KYUU-gatsu" but "KU-gatsu."
十月 juu-gatsu = October
十一月 juu-ichi-gatsu = November
十二月 juu-ni-gatsu = December

How to use them in a sentence:

For example, if you want to say "On Monday / Tuesday ...",
you can use the particle に or は.
Getsu-youbi NI shukudai wo dashite-kudasai
= Please hand in / submit your homework on Monday.

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