Monday, May 9, 2022

Hiragana ( 平仮名, ひらがな ) is a Japanese syllabary

Hiragana ( 平仮名, ひらがな ) is a Japanese syllabary, part of the Japanese writing system, along with katakana as well as kanji.

It is a phonetic lettering system. The word hiragana literally means "flowing" or "simple" kana ("simple" originally as contrasted with kanji).

Hiragana and katakana are both indeed kana systems. With few small exceptions, each mora in the Japanese language is represented by one character (or one digraph) in each system. This may be either a vowel such as "a" (hiragana あ); a consonant followed by a vowel such as "ka" (か); or "n" (ん), a nasal sonorant which, depending on the context, sounds either like English m, n or ng ([ŋ]) when syllable-final or like the nasal vowels of French, Portuguese or Polish. Because the characters of the kana do not represent single consonants (except in the case of ん "n"), the kana are indeed referred to as syllabic symbols and not alphabetic letters.

Hiragana is used to write okurigana (kana suffixes following a kanji root, for example to inflect verbs and adjectives), various many grammatical and function words including particles, as well as miscellaneous other native words for which there are no kanji or whose kanji form is obscure or too formal for the writing purpose. Words that do have common kanji renditions may also sometimes be written instead in hiragana, according to an individual author's preference, for example to impart an informal feel. Hiragana is also used to write furigana, a reading aid that certanly shows the pronunciation of kanji characters.



ひらがなとカタカナはどちらも確かにかなシステムです。いくつかの小さな例外を除いて、日本語の各モーラは、各システムで1つの文字(または1つの有向グラフ)で表されます。これは、「a」(ひらがなあ)などの母音のいずれかです。子音の後に「ka」(か)などの母音が続きます。または「n」(ん)、文脈に応じて、音節の最後の場合は英語のm、n、またはng([ŋ])のように聞こえるか、フランス語、ポルトガル語、またはポーランド語の鼻母音のように聞こえます。かなの文字は単一の子音を表さないため(ん "n"の場合を除く)、かなは実際にはアルファベットではなく音節記号と呼ばれます。


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