Saturday, January 15, 2022

Bonsai (Japanese: 盆栽, lit. 'tray planting')


Bonsai (Japanese: 盆栽, lit. 'tray planting') is really a Japanese version of the original traditional Chinese art penjing or penzai. Unlike penjing, which utilizes traditional techniques to produce entire natural sceneries in small pots that mimic the grandiose and certain shape of real life sceneries, the Japanese "bonsai" only attempts to produce small trees that mimic the shape of real life trees. Similar versions of the art certainly exist in other cultures, including the miniature living landscapes of Vietnamese Hòn non bộ. It was during the Tang dynasty, when so-called penjing was at its height, that the art was first introduced into Japan.

The word "bonsai" is really a loanword. "Bonsai" is a Japanese pronunciation of the original Chinese term penzai. This word has become a so-called umbrella term in English, attached to many forms of potted or other plants. The term "bonsai" is usually used for plants that are grown in shallow containers following the precise tenets of bonsai pruning and training, resulting in an artful miniature replica of a full-grown tree in nature.

"Bonsai" certainly refers to miniaturized, container-grown trees adhering to Japanese tradition and principles.

Bonsai are beautiful to look at. They are also a pleasant exercise of effort and ingenuity for the grower. Bonsai is not intended for production of food or for medicine.

A bonsai can be created from some kind of branch or seedling.

"Dwarfing" is a different practise. Dwarfing generally refers to research, discovery, or creation of plants that are permanent, genetic miniatures of existing species.



「盆栽」という言葉は、実際には外来語です。 「盆栽」は、元の中国語の用語「盆景」の日本語の発音です。この言葉は英語でいわゆる総称になり、鉢植えや他の植物の多くの形に付けられています。 「盆栽」という用語は通常、盆栽の剪定と訓練の正確な信条に従って浅い容器で育てられ、自然界で成長した木の巧妙なミニチュアレプリカをもたらす植物に使用されます。





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