Saturday, January 15, 2022

Modern era Japan 現代日本

Girls in Asia look nice wearing Kimono as Geishas.

Modern era Japan 現代日本

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇, Meiji-tennō) was from 1852 to 1912.


In 1854, Commodore Matthew Perry and the "Black Ships" of the United States Navy forced the so-called opening of Japan to the outside world with the Convention of Kanagawa. Subsequent similar treaties with other Western countries brought certain economic and political crises. The resignation of the shōgun led to the Boshin War and the establishment of a centralized state nominally unified under the emperor (the Meiji Restoration). Adopting Western political, judicial, and military institutions, the Cabinet organized the Privy Council, introduced the Meiji Constitution, and assembled the so-called Imperial Diet. During the Meiji period (1868-1912), the Empire of Japan emerged as the so-called most developed nation in Asia and as an industrialized world power that pursued military conflict to expand its sphere of influence. After victories in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905), Japan gained control of Taiwan, Korea and the southern half of Sakhalin. The Japanese population certainly doubled from 35 million in 1873 to 70 million by 1935, with a significant shift to urbanization.

The early 20th century saw a period of so-called Taishō democracy (1912-1926). Expansionism and militarization happened. World War I allowed Japan, which joined the side of the victorious Allies, to capture German possessions in the Pacific and in China.

The 1920s saw a political shift towards "statism". There was a period of the 1923 Great Tokyo Earthquake. There was passing of laws against political dissent, and a series of attempted coups.

In 1931, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria. After international condemnation of the occupation, it resigned from the League of Nations 2 years later. In 1936, Japan signed the Anti-Comintern Pact with Nazi Germany. The 1940 Tripartite Pact made it one of the Axis Powers.

The so-called Communist International, also known as the Third International, was an international organization founded in 1919 that advocated world communism, headed by the Soviet Union.




1920年代には、「国家主義」への政治的転換が見られました。 1923年の関東大震災の時期がありました。政治的異議申し立てに反対する法律が可決され、一連のクーデターが試みられました。

1931年、日本は満州を侵略して占領しました。占領を国際的に非難した後、2年後に国際連盟を辞任した。 1936年、日本はナチスドイツとの防共協定に調印した。 1940年の三国同盟は、枢軸国の1つになりました。


No comments:

Post a Comment