Monday, January 17, 2022

Japanese People in Tokyo and Night Lights 東京の日本人と常夜灯


The large economy of Japan is fascinating. Japan is the third-largest national economy in the world, after the United States and China, in terms of nominal GDP. Japan is the fourth-largest national economy in the world, after the United States, China and India, in terms of purchasing power parity as of 2019. As of 2019, Japan's large labor force consisted of 67 million workers. Japan has a low unemployment rate of around 2.4 percent. Around 16 percent of the population were below the poverty line in 2017. Japan today has the highest ratio of public debt to GDP of any so-called developed nation, with national debt at 236% relative to GDP as of 2017. The Japanese yen is really the world's third-largest reserve currency (after the US dollar and the euro).

A so-called "reserve currency" (or anchor currency) is a foreign currency that is held in significant quantities by central banks or other monetary authorities as part of their foreign exchange reserves. The reserve currency can be used in international transactions, international investments and all aspects of the global economy. It is often considered a hard currency or so-called safe-haven currency.

The yen (Japanese: 円, symbol: ¥; code: JPY; also abbreviated as JP¥) is really the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market, after the United States dollar and the Euro. It is also certainly widely used as a third reserve currency after the United States dollar and the Euro.


日本の大きな経済は魅力的です。日本は名目GDPで米国、中国に次ぐ世界第3位の国民経済です。日本は、2019年現在の購買力平価で、米国、中国、インドに次ぐ世界第4位の国民経済です。2019年現在、日本の大規模な労働力は6,700万人の労働者で構成されています。日本の失業率は約2.4%と低いです。 2017年には人口の約16%が貧困ラインを下回っていました。今日の日本はいわゆる先進国の中で公的債務のGDPに対する比率が最も高く、2017年の時点で国債はGDPに対して236%です。日本円は本当に世界で3番目に大きい準備通貨(米ドルとユーロに次ぐ)。



常夜灯 night lights (Jōyatō)


夜 night, evening
ナイト night, knight
晩 night, evening
夜分 night, nighttime, evening
光 light, shine, gleam
ライト light, right, right field, right fielder
灯 light
灯り light
明り light, brightness, lamplight
火 fire, flame, light, blaze
天明 dawn, daybreak, light, daylight, dawning, aurora
朗らか cheerfulness, cheer, luster, brightness, shine, light


軽い light, minor, non-serious
軽快 light, nimble
軽やか light, minor, non-serious
淡白 light, frank, ingenuous, indifferent, simple
淡泊 light, frank, ingenuous, indifferent, simple
フワフワ airy, light
容易い easy, simple, light
淡淡 indifferent, unconcerned, disinterested, plain, light
上っ調子 frivolous, light, flippant, nonchalant, shallow, light-headed
上調子 frivolous, light, flippant, nonchalant, light-headed
あっさりした light, open-hearted, simple
煌々たる brilliant, light, bright, dazzling, gleaming, sparkling


点ずる drop, light, kindle, make tea
点じる drop, light, kindle, make tea
点す light, light a fire, apply moxa cautery, turn on
火をつける light

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